What is Acute Kidney Injury ?
Acute Kidney Injury is synonymous with the historical term Acute Renal Failure.
It is sudden loss in kidney function. The severity of kidney dysfunction can vary from mild to severe degree. It can develop rapidly over hours to few days.
The loss of kidney function is mantfested by rise in serum creatinine and or drop in GFR. It can be fatal and requires urgent care. However, it is usually reversible. The kidney function returns to normal level in most of the cases over a span of 4 to 6 weeks.
2. Swelling of lowerlimbs
3. Breathless ness
4. Nausea, Vomting
5. Altered mentation
6. Fits or seizures
Sometimes there may not be any symptom and it is detected only through investigation
2. Direct insult to the kidneys due to systemic diseases autoimmune diseases infections, drugs, blood cancer
3. Obstruction to the flow of urine from kidneys due to kidney stones, cancer of bladder, cervix, prostate enlargement
2. Serum creatinine
3. Ultrasound scan of kidney, ureter, bladder
4. There is also battery of tests required as per the suspicion of etiology of the disease