What is Dialysis ?
When the loss of kidney function is severe and GFR drops < 15ml/min the kidneys cannot excrete the waste material from the body, this leads to accumulation of toxins, extra water and electrolyte disturbance.
Dialysis is the treatment which is used to substitute some of the functions done by healthy kidneys in presence of kidney failure.
Dialysis removes waste, extra water, salt to prevent them from building up in the body.
It maintains safe level of certain chemicals like potassium, sodium, phosphate, bicarbonate etc. And also helps to control blood pressure
Is this treatment permanent?
When patient suffers from chronic kidney disease stage 5, the loss of kidney function is irreversible and beyond the control with only medications such patients will need dialysis permanently
In some cases of Acute kidney renal failure ( Acute kidney injury) the loss of kidney function is very severe but of temporary nature.
During this period they need a substitute treatment (dialysis) for the kidneysin such patient dialysis is carried out with close monitoring of native kidney function such patients usually improve by 4-6 weeks of the onset of the disease so they may need dialysis for 4-6 weeks.
What are the types of Dialysis?
They are four types if Dialysis
1. Hemo Dialysis
2. Sustained low efficiency Dialysis
3. Continuous Renal Replacement Theropy
4. Peritoneal Dialysis